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Skin types – which ones do we distinguish and how do we recognise them?

Each of us has a different skin type and it is impossible to give one skin care advice that would be suitable for each person. Therefore, before you start taking proper care of your skin, you should know its type. There are many different classification systems, and in this short article I will tell you about the most popular of them.

Skin types

What are the skin types?

Dry skin

Dry facial skin is one of the most common skin care issues. Most people at some point in their lives have experienced unpleasant tightness and peeling of the skin. This type of skin lacks sebum – an oily substance that protects against dehydration and external damage. Dry skin can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, environmental conditions, age, and improper care. It is important to recognize the dryness of the skin of the face early so that we can properly treat it.

What are the characteristics of dry facial skin?

Dry facial skin is often recognized by its rough structure, fine wrinkles and peeling. If left untreated, it may appear dull or have a grayish tint. Preventing and treating these symptoms will help restore the face’s natural glow. Skin of this type also tends to be more easily reddened than normal or oily skin. People with darker skin may notice blackout around the hairline and on the cheeks, as well as increased visibility of freckles when exposed to sunlight.

Oily skin

Oily skin is a natural phenomenon, but sometimes it can cause acne, blackheads and other skin problems. It is characterized by a large amount of sebum on the surface of the skin. It is a fatty substance that is produced by the sebaceous glands in response to hormones. It protects the skin from dryness and irritation and provides its elasticity, but its excess makes the face look shiny and oily.

Characteristic features of oily facial skin:

The pores are dilated and appear in the form of small dots on the face. Sometimes they look like small holes in the middle of the forehead or nose. When you apply a moisturizer or sunscreen to your face, they immediately absorb excess sebum from your face and give it a matte look – this is called “sebum secretion control,” which means that skin care products are doing their job properly!

Normal skin

Normal skin is not only devoid of imperfections and discoloration, but also well-nourished, fresh and radiant. It does not shine or dry, there are no enlarged pores or blackheads. The face is soft and smooth to the touch, has a natural coloring, sometimes pink cheeks, but it is never reddened. It is elastic, taut and firm. The complexion is even

Characteristics:

Normal facial skin has a nice appearance, without imperfections and discoloration; there are no enlarged pores or pimples; there are also no blackheads or white blackheads. Its color is even, with a moderate amount of oil on the surface. The skin is well vascularized thanks to blood circulation, which gives it a nice, healthy glow. Normal facial skin also has evenly distributed melanin (skin pigment) and is free of discoloration or abnormal pigmentation such as freckles, age spots or birthmarks.

Combination skin

Combination skin consists of oily skin with shiny areas (forehead, nose and chin) and dry skin in the rest of the face: on the cheeks, jaw and neck.

This is a very common type of facial skin, occurring especially in people with medium complexion, who very often have seborrhea (excessive fat production in some areas). This type of skin on the face is often caused by hormonal changes. It can appear during puberty, during menstruation or menopause. Combination skin can often be caused by a genetic predisposition, excessive use of cosmetic products, environmental factors or lifestyles such as smoking cigarettes or insufficient sleep.

Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is a condition characterized by redness, itching, burning or a tingling sensation on the face. It can be caused by various factors such as irritants, wind or sun exposure.

The main features of sensitive skin are:

  • irritation: redness, itching or stinging sensation;
  • dryness: associated with an imbalance between moisture levels;
  • inflammation: redness, swelling or feeling hot;
  • brittleness: easily damaged by scratching or rubbing;
  • hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation (dark spots);
  • acne eruptions (acne) or seborrheic dermatitis;
  • increased susceptibility to irritants such as soap, alcohols and cosmetics;

Acne skin

Acne skin of the face is a type of acne that is characterized by the occurrence of red pustules and cysts on the face. It is caused by a combination of hormonal imbalances, bacterial infection and inflammation. The severity of acne vulgaris on the face varies depending on individual predispositions.

Acne is caused by hormonal changes that affect the sebaceous glands. These glands secrete sebum (an oily substance) that helps moisturize the skin. During hormonal changes, more sebum is secreted than usual and it blocks the pores of the skin, which are then ignited by bacteria. This leads to the appearance of pustules on the surface of the skin (symptoms of acne). Hormonal changes are mainly observed during puberty and pregnancy, but they can also occur during menstrual cycles or when taking medications. Facial acne can be triggered by stress or an unhealthy diet that contains too many foods that contain sugars or saturated fats, as well as too little fiber.

How to recognize the skin type?

How to correctly recognize the type of skin? This is not such a simple task when it comes to home conditions. Skin type is determined by the amount of melanin that accumulates in the outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis. Melanin is a dark pigment produced by cells called melanocytes. The more melanin the body produces, the darker the skin. In order to individually determine your own skin type, it should be scrupulously observed. Pay attention to how it reacts to individual atmospheric factors and how it behaves during washing and moisturizing.

In any skin problems, dietary supplements such as:


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