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Dry facial skin – care, moisturising and causes of the problem

Dry face skin is one of the most common skin problems. It can have many causes, from excessive washing to improper nutrition. Usually, this is not a serious problem, but it can often become a real nuisance that interferes with daily activities and relationships. If you experience discomfort on your face and notice that your skin loses elasticity, looks dull and peels, you should definitely take measures to prevent it from drying out.

Dry facial skin

Causes of dry skin on the face

1. Age

With age, our skin loses some of its ability to produce natural oils that keep it hydrated. This is especially true for people who are over 50 years of age and older. With age, our skin also loses elasticity and becomes thinner, making it more susceptible to dehydration and irritation.

2. Genetics

Some people are born with naturally drier skin than others. In this case, it is difficult to completely eliminate this problem, but we can effectively control it.

3. Bad skin care habits

For many people, one of the main causes of dry facial skin is improper care habits – especially if they involve frequent use of hot water or strong soaps to wash the face or body. These products can remove natural oils from the skin without replacing them with anything else, which could help restore the moisture level of the upper layers of the epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin).

4. Low humidity

Low humidity: Low indoor humidity contributes to dry skin because it causes water to evaporate from the surface of the body faster than usual.

How to care for dry facial skin?

It is important to know how to care for dry facial skin. Drying the skin requires special attention when it comes to moisturizing and using moisturizing creams, especially during the winter months when the air is drier.

Here are some tips to help you care for dry facial skin:

Use gentle cleansers that do not remove protective oils from the face. Avoid using washing cloths, as they can further irritate the skin and make it drier than it really is.

Avoid using alcohol-based astringents on your face, as they additionally dry out the skin, removing natural oils from its surface. Also, avoid bar soaps, as they are rougher to the skin than liquid soaps or gels.

If you have acne or oily hair, use an oil-free moisturizer after washing your face with a mild cleanser or soap to reduce the risk of pimples on your face or scalp.

Avoid hot showers and baths, opt for lukewarm water instead. Hot baths and showers deprive our body of moisture, which can lead to dry skin problems if it happens too often.

If the dryness of the skin of the face is caused by dehydration, you should drink more water during the day. If you have oily skin, drinking more water can cause breakouts, so you may need to limit the amount of oils in your diet and/or change your moisturizer to one that does not contain oils.

How to moisturize dry facial skin?

Dry face skin - moisturizing

Moisturizing dry facial skin is an important step in your daily skincare routine. A moisturizer can improve the appearance and well-being of dry skin because it provides a protective barrier against environmental factors that can damage the surface of the skin, such as wind and sun, which can lead to premature aging of the skin.

If you have dry facial skin or have concerns about its structure, it’s important to choose the right moisturizer for your specific skin type. There are many different types of moisturizers available today – some products are designed specifically for oily or combination skin, and others for normal or sensitive skin. When choosing the right moisturizer for dry facial skin, you should opt for one that contains ingredients such as glycerin (which attracts water molecules) and urea (which draws moisture through osmosis). These natural ingredients work together to replenish lost moisture in the outermost layers of the epidermis, making the skin look smooth and healthy again.

Dry face skin – proper supplementation

These nutrients help protect the skin from the sun and prevent damage to facial cells. They also promote wound healing and reduce inflammation. They effectively eliminate wrinkles, as well as take care of proper skin tension.

Vitamin A is an essential nutrient for healthy skin and vision. It helps maintain collagen production in the body and supports the proper exchange of skin cells. Vitamin E is another nutrient essential for healthy skin because it prevents damage caused by free radicals of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Damage caused by reactive oxygen species can cause wrinkles, age spots and other signs of aging facial skin. Selenium is a mineral with antioxidant properties that protects cells from oxidative stress caused by factors such as UV radiation or cigarette smoke.

The above nutrients are most often found in dietary supplements, whose task is to improve the condition of our skin. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with such supplements as:

Dry skin of the face – what diet?

For dry facial skin, it is recommended to consume more saturated fatty acids – omega-3 and omega-6. Therefore, fish oil containing omega-3 acids or evening primrose oil containing omega-6 should be included in the diet. Such fats are contained in:

  • salmon and other fatty fish, eel, mackerel, herring
  • rapeseed oil, linseed oil, sunflower oil (and seeds)
  • flax seeds
  • walnuts
  • avocado
  • Eggs
  • olive oil

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