Closed comedones are a form of acne that consists of non-inflammatory lesions made up of keratin and sebum, occurring mainly on the face, neck, chest and back. The severity of this condition can vary and depends on many factors. It is worth knowing how to deal with this ailment and what to pay attention to so as not to intensify its symptoms.
What are closed comedones and how are comedones formed? Causes of formation
Closed comedones are dark, convex lumps on the skin that are formed when a clogged pore is exposed to air, which causes the oxidation of natural oils trapped inside it. The resulting dark spot consists of oxidized oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. Some people are more prone to comedones than others – they are common in people with oily skin, they can also appear as a result of hormones associated with puberty and as a result of genetic conditions.
Squeezing closed comedones
Squeezing closed comedones can be tempting, especially if the blemish causes significant discomfort. Although the risk of infection is low, there is still a possibility of developing infection if the skin is damaged. It can also cause mild to moderate skin irritation, such as redness, swelling and a burning sensation. For these reasons, it is recommended to avoid squeezing comedones.
If you do not want to use the help of a dermatologist or other specialist in aesthetic medicine and you decide to squeeze a closed blackhead yourself, choose a time when your skin is less sensitive. We advise against doing this immediately after a shower or in a state when your skin is at risk for an allergic reaction. Before proceeding with the action, make sure that you properly clean and disinfect your hands. Then you need to put pressure on both sides of the blackhead at the same time to make sure that we remove all its contents. Avoid pulling on the skin. After the operation, rinse this place with cold water to reduce the risk of possible irritation.
Deep closed comedones
As you know, the surface of the skin is covered with sebaceous glands, the ducts of which end at the surface of the skin. These glands secrete sebum, which impregnates the hair follicles. In the case of deep comedones, white or black sebum cannot reach the surface of the skin, since there are some kind of congestion in its path. This blockage can be dead skin cells or excess keratin (protein). This process causes a blockage under the surface of the skin, so that sebum cannot reach the surface of the skin. This, in turn, triggers an inflammatory reaction around this site, which is supposed to protect against infections.
Where are closed comedones?
They can form on many areas of the body, but most often they appear in places with a lot of pus-producing sebaceous glands, such as the nose and T-zone, as well as on the cheeks and chin. Comedones are also more likely to develop comedones in people who have oily skin or tend to pluck comedones, which causes bacteria to spread.
Closed comedones on the cheeks
They can be caused by acne vulgaris. This type occurs in case of excessive sebum production by the sebaceous glands in the skin – which is common during puberty due to hormones – but can also be caused by the use of certain drugs or cosmetic products.
Closed comedones on the forehead
They can also be caused by clogging of the pores by excessive production of oil and sweat secretions by glands located in this part of the face. If you have oily skin, you should avoid makeup that is too strong, as this can make things worse, clogging the pores even more.
Closed comedones on the chin
They can look like small thickenings and give the impression of hard lumps under the skin. They can also appear as tiny holes. It is important not to try to squeeze them, as they do not have holes, and excessive pressure can cause damage to the skin.
Acne and closed comedones
In people with blackhead acne, closed comedones appear. Contrary to their name, they do not occur only in teenagers. Very often they also appear in adults. They are a milder form of this disease and force the affected person to change their daily habits and take special care of their skin. Blackhead acne does not require advanced treatment; it can be dealt with by using topical preparations or cosmetic procedures.
Closed comedones how to get rid of
Treatment of closed comedones can be done using many methods. If the skin changes are not at an advanced stage, then we can use home remedies and all kinds of dietary supplements that will nourish the skin and take care of its hydration. We can use, for example, :
If our problem is very chronic and the symptoms worsen over time, then you should use the advice of a dermatologist. He should decide how further treatment will be carried out. He may recommend, for example, the use of aesthetic medicine treatments or prescribe prescription drugs with a much stronger effect.
Home remedies for closed comedones
Not only aesthetic medicine and tablets can help us eliminate this problem. At our disposal are also products and items that we can use for daily care and cleansing of the skin.
- Facial cleansing with a brush – Cleansing brushes exfoliate the epidermis, unclog pores and deeply cleanse the skin of the face of impurities. In addition, they improve circulation, thanks to which they prepare the skin for the next stages of care and make it better ingest and absorb cosmetics. Do not use it every day – it is ideal to be used about three times a week. In this way, you will not damage the protective barrier of the skin, but you will improve its condition. Be sure to thoroughly disinfect and clean it after use.
- Activated carbon – A mask from this ingredient can greatly reduce inflammation
- Homemade peeling – we can also perform exfoliating peeling with ground rice and milk. This will remove any inequalities.
Treatments for closed comedones
Cosmetic procedures are the fastest method to get rid of any imperfections. They will remove dead epidermis, reduce sebum production, remove comedones and renew the skin. The most popular treatments include:
- Laser treatments
- Chemical peeling
Cosmetics for closed comedones
Due to the large number of factors that affect the formation of comedones, it is difficult to recommend a universal cream for their removal. However, some remedies can help prevent their appearance or reduce their number.
How to choose a good cream for Closed comedones?
In the formation of comedones, two components play an important role: sebum and oxygen. The more sebum is produced by skin cells and remains in the pores, the more likely it is to oxidize. Therefore, you should not use oily cosmetics on the face. It is worth investing in special cosmetic products designed for oily skin, containing chemical ingredients that cleanse the pores of sebum and dead skin cells.
The action of ichthyol ointment consists in softening the keratin located in the lining of the pores, which prevents the accumulation of dead cells and other impurities in them. It has been shown to effectively reduce the size and remove open and closed comedones.
Ichthyol ointments should be applied to the affected areas of the skin once or twice a day until improvement is achieved, which usually takes about a week. Subsequently, the frequency of use can be slowly reduced until treatment is completely discontinued – usually two or three applications a week are enough to sustain treatment.
Acids for closed comedones
There are many different types of acids that can be used to exfoliate the epidermis, but the most popular ones fall into the category of alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA). AHA acids can improve the appearance of the skin by increasing the rate of cell turnover and improving the overall texture. This improvement is most evident when we look at the pores. AHA acids reduce their size, making them appear smoother and cleaner. Additionally, they can help unblock pores, normalize sebum secretion, and reduce inflammation. Most often they are used as an ingredient in anti-acne products. Usually these are: Salicylic, azelaic or almond acid.