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Blackheads – Why do they form and how do I get rid of them? Treatment methods and home remedies

Not everyone can boast of a flawless and imperfection-free face. The problem of blackheads is a very common phenomenon that affects many people, so it is worth knowing what proper skin care should look like, which will help to effectively get rid of blackheads without much effort, and most importantly in a quick and safe way! See what mistakes should be avoided, and your skin will look beautiful again!

Blackheads

What are blackheads and how are they formed? Causes of blackheads

What is a blackhead?These are small, dark lumps on the skin that often appear on the face, nose and back. They are not a serious condition, but they can cause significant discomfort and embarrassment because of their appearance.

They are formed when sebum and dead skin cells become trapped in the pores of the skin. This causes the pores to swell and take on a dark color because melanin is present in these areas of the pores. It is a pigment responsible for skin tone.

The main cause of blackhead formation is improper hygiene, which can include activities such as inaccurate face washing or irregular exfoliation of the epidermis. In addition, some factors, such as age, hormones, ethnicity, diet and genetics, may make some people more susceptible to their formation than others.

Types of blackheads

Open blackheads: Open blackheads are blackheads that have not yet entered the pores and appear on the surface of the skin as small black lumps with a thin white center. They are more common in women than in men and usually appear when certain factors, such as genetics or hormones, cause excessive sebum production. They can also be caused by excessive scrubbing or cleansing of the skin using strong exfoliants, which can cause premature exfoliation of the outer layer of the skin.

Closed blackheads: Closed blackheads are formed when sebum becomes trapped inside the pores and causes them to swell. They have a hard, dark appearance and at first glance can be confused with acne, but unlike acne eruptions, they do not contain pus. A closed blackhead may need to be removed by a specialist, since if left untreated, it can turn into an inflamed pimple.

Types of blackheads

How to remove blackheads?

Removal of blackheads can be done using many methods such as cosmetic treatment, peeling, dietary supplements (Re:nev Skin, Royal Skin 500, Derminax), manual squeezing and other home methods. What method we should choose depends on the condition of our skin.

How to squeeze blackheads? Is it worth removing blackheads with this method?

Many people believe that squeezing blackheads can help remove them or prevent their formation in the future. The truth is that squeezing blackheads can cause permanent damage to the skin, including inflammation and scarring. This is because when you squeeze a blackhead, you are pushing bacteria into the pores that can cause infection.

However, if you choose to do so, follow these steps:

1. Wash your face and then dry it with a towel, making sure the place is completely dry.

2. Gently press the blackhead with your finger or sterile needle (use sterilized equipment to prevent infection). You can also use a blackhead removal device that is specially designed for this purpose.

3. If any parts of the skin have broken off under pressure, remove them gently from the face with a tissue, then rinse with water.

4. At the end of the procedure, wash your hands so as not to transfer bacteria from your hands to your face.

What are homemade ways to blackheads?

There are several different ways to treat blackheads at home. One of them is the use of a cleansing preparation with salicylic acid. This ingredient is an excellent exfoliant that helps to remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, making it look brighter and more transparent.

Another solution is to use a face mask with ball clay. Kaolin clay is an excellent ingredient for cleansing pores. It works by absorbing excess sebum and oils from the pores, so that impurities in the pores escape to the surface.

The third option is to use an aloe leaf as a soft cloth for washing; gently wipe your face with it, focusing on the places with blackheads, then leave the gel on the skin for about five minutes, after which rinse it.

The last option is to prepare a paste from baking soda and water, apply it to the skin, let it dry, and then rinse.

How to prevent the formation of blackheads?

Apply sunscreen daily (even on cloudy days) and avoid touching your face during the day. Wash your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser and be sure to apply a moisturizer within minutes after washing your face so that the protective layer remains intact. If you are prone to blackheads or have oily skin, you may also want to consider using over-the-counter acne medications.

When applying any product to the skin, always read the label first and follow the recommendations carefully to know how long to wait between applying the product and exposing the skin to sunlight. It should also be borne in mind that many products contain harsh chemicals that, when combined with others, can cause irritation or hypersensitivity. You may find that different areas of the face react differently – for example, some products may be perfect for the cheeks, but not for the mouth area.