Acne rosacea is a chronic skin condition that manifests itself with a rash on the face and extreme sensitivity all over the skin. Blushing and watery, red eyes are also typical symptoms of this disease, which many people find embarrassing and difficult to overcome. Let’s take a closer look at what are the causes and methods of fighting this ailment.
What is rosacea? Symptoms
Acne rosacea is a common skin condition that affects the face. It causes redness, pimples and bumps on the skin. It is not contagious, but can be embarrassing and affect self-esteem. Often people mistakenly conclude that this condition tends to affect older people. Nothing could be further from the truth. It is a chronic condition that can affect us at any age.
Symptoms of rosacea vary from person to person but usually include redness of the face – usually the cheeks, nose and chin. Some people also have small, visible blood vessels (telangiectasia). The redness may develop into pimples or purulent papules, which may appear tender at first, but when rubbed with a finger appear to have a very rough texture. In addition, there may be significant swelling under the eyes.
Rosacea – classification
Teleangiectatic and erythematous form: characterised by erythema, permanent redness and visible blood vessels on the face. It may also cause a burning or stinging sensation.
Papulopustular rosacea: characterised by redness and bumps on the face (papules). In some cases these papules fill with pus.
Ocular rosacea: this form presents with itching or burning of the eyes along with redness of the conjunctiva.
A form dominated by hypertrophic changes: There is thickening of the skin with an irregular structure along with nodules on its surface. This type of acne affects men more often.
Rosacea – causes
The exact causes have not been determined and medicine is not able to determine the genesis of this disease. However, what do we know about it? It is multifactorial and there are certain conditions that favour the appearance and development of this condition.
The main causes include:
- genetic predisposition
- hormonal imbalance
- problems with the immune system
- over-reactivity of blood vessels
- taking certain medications
- problems with the digestive system
Due to the fact that hormonal problems contribute significantly to the occurrence of this disease, it affects women more often than men.
Rosacea – Can it be cured?
Unfortunately, rosacea is a chronic disease that cannot be cured 100%. However, if we follow medical advice and introduce “general treatment”, then there is a chance that the symptoms will be significantly alleviated.
How do I treat rosacea?
Although rosacea is a disease with an incompletely explained aetiology, there are three main treatments used to improve the quality of life for people with facial acne lesions: causal treatment, topical treatment and general treatment. These therapies work best when patients avoid factors associated with the formation or exacerbation of acne, such as alcohol, smoking, coffee, spicy foods and UV radiation.
Treatment of rosacea must be individualised depending on its severity and type. Mild rosacea can be controlled with topical therapies such as metronidazole or azelaic acid. For moderate to severe cases, oral antibiotics may be recommended. Some people with rosacea also benefit from laser therapy or red light photodynamic therapy.
How do I treat rosacea during pregnancy?
Treatment should be under the guidance of a dermatologist. Certain medications and treatments can adversely affect your health during pregnancy, so it is advisable to seek medical advice.
Cosmetics for rosacea
People suffering from rosacea should use cosmetics, which are designed to strongly moisturise and protect from external factors, such as, for example, excessive exposure to sunlight. In particular, products containing alcohol, fragrances, menthol and camphor should be avoided. Below is a list of ingredients to look for when choosing cosmetics.
Ingredients suitable for vascular skin and rosacea:
Ginkgo biloba – makes the walls of blood vessels more flexible, reduces their fragility, improves circulation in capillaries,
Ceramides – significantly accelerate regeneration of the skin, additionally soothe irritation and swelling, rebuild the protective barrier of the skin
Arnica montana – strengthens the walls of capillaries
Witch hazel – its properties improve blood supply to the skin, it has anti-inflammatory properties
Vitamin C – strengthens and seals up blood vessels,
Rutin – reduces permeability of blood vessels,
Horse chestnut – stimulates blood circulation, makes vessels more flexible and strengthens them,
Azelaic acid – reduces erythema, has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
It is also worth taking dietary supplements to help moisturise and nourish the skin such as:
The rosacea diet
People suffering from rosacea should pay special attention to their diet, because some foods may trigger exacerbation and worsen the condition. It is recommended to avoid spicy foods, citrus fruits, alcohol and caffeinated drinks.
What should you eat?
You should eat plenty of fruit and vegetables as they help to maintain a healthy skin tone. In addition, many fruits are rich in antioxidants that help fight redness and irritation.
In particular, eat plenty of watermelon, apples and pears, as well as blackberries, blueberries and raspberries. Green tea is also a great drink as it has anti-inflammatory properties that will help soothe your skin.
Herbs for rosacea
Chamomile – Has anti-inflammatory properties and reduces redness
Field horsetail herb – Has antibacterial properties, reduces swelling and redness
Calendula – Contains flavonoids, which are powerful antioxidants that help protect the skin from free radicals
Common Ragweed – helps constrict blood vessels and improves skin tone
Burdock – reduces pimples and reduces psoriasis
Goldenseal – strengthens blood vessels
Arnica montana – anti-inflammatory and effectively strengthens blood vessels
Bird’s-foot trefoil – soothes skin irritations and accelerates wound healing
Green tea – antioxidant and cleansing properties
Coneflower – increases the body’s resistance to bacterial and fungal infections
Willowbush – supports hormone management, reduces sebum secretion and regenerates the epidermis
Nettle – cleanses the body of toxins and improves the complexion
Viola tricolor – reduces pimples and acne